A microclimate is a set of climatic conditions in a relatively small area, where the climate is modified by significant features in the immediate vicinity.
By implication, microclimate conditions vary, sometimes significantly, from the general climatic conditions in the greater area or region.
In microclimate measurements, the intention is to measure the climate including these local effects in contrast to Mesoscale or wide area monitoring, which has the intention of taking measurements that exclude any local effects.
In microclimate applications, the station is usually located within the working area, whereas Mesoscale applications require more demanding siting requirements and a larger dedicated area is normally allocated specifically for the purpose.
Microclimates can provide a significant commercial advantage in industrial and agricultural applications and their effects should be given serious consideration.
The weather station equipment required for a microclimate weather station is virtually the same as that for other applications. However, as readings are generally more localised, a small compact weather station, such as Environdata’s WeatherMaster 3000, can also be used.
Sensors are typically mounted close together on a two metre mast and ten metre masts are rarely used.
Environdata can supply a wide range of specialised sensors and communications options to meet your specific requirements.
Environdata Weather Stations are designed and built in Australia for Australian conditions. They are delivered as a modular kit, are easy to install, and easy to maintain.
They are accurate and reliable and will provide you with exactly what you need for your environmental monitoring needs.
Contact us today and discuss with our friendly staff, about how we can help you with your individual requirements.
Microclimate weather stations do not have as stringent siting requirements as mesoscale weather stations and should be sited as close as possible to the area in question.
Examples of microclimates include areas dominated by a large body of water, an urban area surrounded by brick buildings or an area covered by a canopy of vegetation. Microclimates can also be created by aspects of land such as north facing slopes as opposed to south facing slopes.
The effect of this, for example, is that high rise buildings will significantly modify both wind speed and direction; air temperature and possibly relative humidity might also be changed as a result of absorption and re-radiation of heat.
As another example, an area under a canopy of trees would have vastly different soil temperature and moisture values, as well as varying wind characteristics from the neighbouring fields.