What are the Weather Station Standards and License Requirements?
Within Australia, there is no single weather station standard or single regulatory body. However, standards do apply to many industries, mostly where regulatory requirements apply.
For this reason, it is important that you are aware of the standards that are relevant to your industry or application.
The Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) uses its own design of weather station that closely complies with World Organisation (WMO) specifications. These specifications include sensor accuracy, sensor placement, station siting and specialised data formats, such as METAR and SYNOP.
The BoM uses these stations at approved sites to form their Automatic Weather Station Network for use in forecasting, alerts and the National Climate Database.
Meeting these requirements, including equipment specification, programming and data formats is only required if you intend that your weather data is collected by the BoM for use by the National Climate Centre (NCC).
A full weather station of this type typically costs upwards of $100,000 and your site will need BoM approval.
However, the BoM is not a regulatory body and meteorological data for meeting regulatory requirements or other purposes can be collected at a fraction of the cost while still achieving a similar accuracy and using a simple CSV data format.
Environmental Protection Applications
These applications include mining, industrial monitoring, agriculture and feedlots. They are regulated on a state by state basis by the local Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) or its equivalent.
The exact requirements you will need to meet are industry specific and will normally be detailed in your license. They may refer to various Australian Standards & specify weather station hardware requirements, sensor accuracy and sampling methods.
Environdata have extensive experience in supplying weather stations to suit environmental licencing requirements in all States and Territories of Australia. If you already have your licence we can help you to further understand your weather monitoring requirements. If you are unsure what your licence will require or are yet to submit an EIS, we can help specify a weather station that will get you ahead of the regulators.
We regularly supply, install and maintain weather monitoring systems that meet one of the following standards:
- AS/NZS 3580.1.1:2007 Methods for sampling and analysis of ambient air – Guide to siting air monitoring equipment
- AS 3580.14-2011 Methods for sampling and analysis of ambient air – Meteorological monitoring for ambient air
- NSW EPA: Approved Methods for the Sampling and Analysis of Air Pollutants in New South Wales, specifically AM-2 and AM-4.
- NSW Roads and Maritime Services (RMS): QA Specification R272 Automatic Weather Stations
- QLD EPA: Air Quality Sampling Manual
- QLD TMR: MRTS231 Provision of Road Weather Monitors
- Many other State and Territory based standards, which refer to the two Australian Standards (AS) above.
Operational and Control Applications
This includes Building Management Services (BMS), industrial control, and some Environmental applications. Generally, there are no specific standards that apply to this type of weather monitoring. However common sense should prevail in buying equipment that is sufficiently robust, reliable and accurate for your specific application.